ART 115 Hudson County Communi

1- A large portion of Egyptian art was made with the purpose of preserving the history of Ancient Egyptian society as I said in our previous discussion. Furthermore, with Egyptian society being extremely hierarchical and militant, it would make sense that this is reflected in their art. Many pieces of art recovered from Ancient Egypt include stories of ancient battles or the legacy of great kings. In carved or relief pieces, this was often represented by making the more important figure (often times the king) bigger than the rest. This establishment of hierarchy and power was furthermore presented by the positioning of figures. Kings and powerful being usuall stood or sat up tall with their bodies facing forward to make them present (such as in statues of kings), while lesser beings and subjects were represented as more meek and subservient. Even the existence of some pieces like large monuments dedicated to kings and gods made sure everyone knew who was above and who was below.

2-With ancient Egyptian art, their is a lot of hierarchy in their works which they made out to be very clear and cut out. Most of the Egyptian art is funerary decoration and honoring of the Kings. The representation of royalty was portrayed in the sculptures. Some of them portray the power and strength of being king while others give you a good look at how stress and working at that time can really impact one’s physical being and appearance. Egyptian art uses hieratic scale which basically is when the most figures are shown as the largest or the tallest to emphasize their importance. For example, the Temple of Ramesses II has four large statues of the King, indicating his power and importance meanwhile between the legs of the statues are tiny figures. These tiny figures represent people who are below the king. We can kind of see here that size tells you a lot in regards to who the focus should be on. Another example of their hierarchical and militant art is shown in Figure 3.26 , Kneeling Figure of King Hatshepsut. This figure is a woman! Since kingship was only for males, this woman wore the regalia of a male king, the kilt, headdress, and a false beard on top of that. This shows us that in Egyptian culture it is crucial to worship God and respect kings since they have the most power and are the closest you can get to God.

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