EDU 145 Pitt Community Colleg

  1. Describe the basic parts of nutrition, health, and safety education program for young children.
  2. Identify at least three safety factors for young children.
  3. Describe MyPlate, the importance of family mealtimes, and culturally relevant foods.Resources:

PEERS TO RESPOND TO:by Paige SaundersNumber of replies: 4

1.

It is important to educate teachers, children, & parents about appropriate child nutrition education, eating patterns, the basic concepts of health- safety, hygiene, healthful living, good routines and habits. It is equally important to get children to have a positive attitude towards food and a nutritious lifestyle. While teaching about these things, children will be able to taste, prepare, look at and eat nutritious foods and learn all about them. Children will also play games, watch films and read books about a healthy lifestyle. They may even take special trips to learn about a certain food and how it is prepared.

Special activities gets children interested in the nutrition facts and how different foods effect their body depending on ingredients used to make the food. Children may take part in dramatic play, science, social studies, and math lessons as well as studying about different cultures foods to learn about different things. Another lesson that is taught about would be dental hygiene, personal hygiene, bathing, toileting, brushing teeth and hair, etc.. I think that it is good for children and families to learn about these different things that contribute to leading a healthy lifestyle. Especially when the whole family gets involved this makes a child want to learn and attend the lesson as well.

2.

One of the most common safety factors for young children would be pets, but mainly dogs. Children often get bit in the neck, face, hands and arms due to their shortness in height and uncontrollable movements. Also, some parents are not supervising or teaching their young children how to be cautious while approaching, petting or how to handle animals. This is so important because all dog bites hurt, but the bigger the animal the more this can hurt a child and can even be fatal depending on where the child gets bit or how deep it goes. I had to learn this the hard way when I was a child, to not just abruptly pet a dog without letting it smell your hand first to kind of get approval.. thankfully it was a small dog breed and I still have quite a few scars.

Environmental hazards are also a safety factor. Children may pick up chemicals like mercury and radon because they are so close to the ground. As well as lead in tap water. Young children are more likely to be effected and hurt by lead. This can effect brain development and functioning, protein function and can make children have lower IQ scores. Inadequate supervision can effect a child’s safety as well.

3.

MyPlate teaches children good nutrition, this is a picture of a plate with the basic good groups. MyPlate also shows a circle for dairy. There are four major food groups. These include fruit, vegetables, grains, & proteins. In order for children to grow, develop, and have energy, they need nutritious foods.

Mental health is supported by family mealtimes. Children who usually take part in family mealtimes are less at risk to abuse substances, have better academic achievements, and promotion of language development- according to our textbook. As well as children being at a reduced risk for being obese. This is also great for bonding and children can help set and clear the table before and after dinner. Since each culture including Arab, Chinese, Cuban, Mexican, Native American, and Indian cultures all prefer different foods, there is a website called the Southeastern Michigan Dietetic Association that has a health guide example for different cultures that are healthy.

PERMALINKREPL

by Imani WardNumber of replies: 0

Nutrition, Health, and Safety play great roles in children and their development. It’s very important for parents and teachers to be educated about these topics and also promote them. The child’s health and well-being is very important and should be taken seriously. Not only should it be taken seriously but it needs to be taught to the children. I feel a time out of the year should be some type of assembly with the school teaching the children the importance of self care because that’s the category all of this falls under.

Parents should be constantly teaching these things to their children. As parents there should be a good dietary plan for their children to eat to get all the nutrients and vitamins that they need. Health teaches them things like constantly washing their hands and sneezing in their elbow, or now with what Covid going around teaching the children to keep their masks on. And lastly safety just making sure the child knows don’t talk to strangers and just going with anyone.

One type of safety factor for children is environmental safety. Environmental safety is very concerning because children can be in situations that they think are innocent but it’s very dangerous. For example, My children in my Kindergarten class think it is okay t6o jump off of the rock climbing toy outside. They don’t understand how dangerous that is and that they could break something. Super vision and constantly telling and reminding them not to do different things will help them to understand.

The second and third safety factors are Food safety and Animal/ pet safety. Children Need to understand that just because you like something doesn’t mean you can have it. For example, if a child sees a dog they want to pet , but the child is allergic to dogs they need to know that they can not get close nor touch this animal. Dogs are the most common safety hazard which children love. Almost every child wants a dog. The same with food safety if a child is allergic to a certain food teach them that early so they will know when they are not in your presence to not eat it.

Myplate is a good source to reference when trying to eat a balanced meal. It guides you with portion sizes and the amount of daily intake you’re supposed to have in each food category. Eating a balanced diet is not easy, it’s a lot to understand so Myplate is very beneficial in that area. Different cultures have different food they can and can not eat. For example, I had this little girl in my class that couldn’t eat pork because she was Indian so every time we had food that had pork in it she had to eat something else. It’s very important to respect everyone’s culture so you will not offend anyone.

Family meal time is very important because it allows everyone to catch up with one another. It allows you to talk about your day and just have that connection and line of communication. I think when it comes to family time there should be no phones and tvs on because They can be distractions. I do agree there’s different types of family times because you can bond over a movie you’re watching. When it comes to family time and eating I feel tvs and phones should be put away. 

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EDU 145 Pitt Community Colleg

Introduction:

The concept of intentional teaching emphasizes a balance between child- and adult-guided instruction.  The goals and objectives must be developmentally appropriate for the children. The adult must have in mind goals and objectives and a selection of possible strategies for instruction.  Adults can influence children’s cognitive development in many ways.  

The Prompt: 

Respond to the following prompt(s) for your discussion forum post:

Describe the adult role in supporting children’s language development during the preschool years.

How will you support children’s oral language development during adult-guided activities (small and large group) and child-guided activities (free choice/centers)?

How will you support children’s written language development during adult-guided activities (small and large group) and child-guided activities (free choice/centers)?

Resources:

Textbook

PowerPoint Presentations

Websites and Videos located in the “Additional Resources” section of the Module

  1. Additional research conducted by the student using credible sources
  2. Grading Criteria:

You will be responsible for creating your own discussion thread (think of this as your response or statement regarding the discussion board topic/question) and for responding to at least two other student’s posts.  

Peers posts:

by Paige SaundersNumber of replies: 0Describe the adult role in supporting children’s language development during the preschool years.
-It is important for adults in children’s lives to support children’s language development, especially in the early years. One way adults can help is by using scaffolding, this helps the child to have a foundation to develop their language skills on. Adults can help the child’s development by being a role model as well as encouraging give and take conversations with the child.
Another way adults can help support children’s language development is to ask them divergent questions. Baby talking has even been proven to help develop language skills. As an adult, you could also say things like “mm-hmm” to the child when they speak to confirm that you are listening. You could also agree with them so they know what they are talking about is important and that they are worth listening to, this lets them know that they are valid as well as in control. Adults should always show interest in what the child is speaking about and respond to them because it is proven that this will result in the child having great language development and skills.

How will you support children’s oral language development during adult-guided activities (small and large group) and child-guided activities (free choice/centers)?
-I would have appropriate dramatic play centers set up for child-guided activities. I would also make sure their are peers for children to communicate with and provide social experiences for them. I would let children know it is okay and to encourage using private speech and use mediators while doing so. I would also let them know that it is good to talk and think simultaneously.
For adult-guided activities, I would make sure that scaffolding from me would take place so that children can develop on their own terms and at their own pace when they are ready. I would supply direct instructions and games. I would also incorporate one of the three “routines” in my classroom as well as language enrichment activities. I would ask questions to get the children to talk. I would make sure that while having appropriate adult conversations to have a child around so they can learn new vocabulary. Having the proper classroom arrangement is important as well. Ask/ comment on activities that children are working on that make them want to respond and the adult should not to be controlling of the conversation. Adults should always respect the home languages of English and non-English speakers. Label actions that come from adult or child and make them explicitly verbal. While thinking and using strategies, I would express this out loud. I would also tie actions with new concepts (if teaching about an item, make a big version of it so the child can get familiar with the item). Always let children know it is okay to think out loud. Switching up tasks/ concepts to ensure children are catching on to the lesson being taught and to assess them.

How will you support children’s written language development during adult-guided activities (small and large group) and child-guided activities (free choice/centers)?
-I would support children’s written language development during adult-guided activities by encouraging children to ask questions about letters, words, print, or information they are wondering about. Another thing I would do is get children to write a list containing all of their friends, then have them write a letter to one or two of those people on their list. I would encourage children to talk while writing and to take chances and experiment. Before reading a book with a child I would ask them warm- up questions. While reading the book, I would make verbal interactions pertaining to the story. I would also always positively reinforce children when they give a response. After reading a book, I would ask the child questions about it and respond to the child after they give their response as if they spoke correctly and advanced even though they might not make complete sense. I think this gives them encouragement to keep developing language skills even when they are not perfect. I would also try to encourage children to model any responses according to actions that I make. I would write down things in the presence of the child then converse about what was wrote. I would sit the child down and help them make cards for different family members or friends.
I would support children’s written language development during child-guided activities by not giving directions or instructions, but instead, try to reinforce how children use oral and written language. Children could make signs for a bake sale together while being supervised by adult but not instructing them. Putting children’s writing on display around the house or classroom and encourage child to dictate stories. I would set up an “office” for the child to play and pretend in and have many child- appropriate writing supplies spread throughout the room and home. I would also let the child play on the computer because it has many different applications and software to help language development and the child can work through the lessons on their own (but it is always good to still supervise a child using technology). While going to the grocery store, I would allow the child to make and keep a check list as we shop.

by Gissell GomezNumber of replies: 0

Describe the adult role in supporting children’s language development during the preschool years

The adult role is to provide scaffolding for children’s language development beginning in infancy.

How will you support children’s oral language development during adult-guided activities (small and large group) and child-guided activities (free choice/centers)?I will support children’s oral language development with simple sentences, vocabulary that is within the child’s realm of experience, used by adults in a variety of cultures, and enables clear communication. Also outdoor time support children’s oral language development by having them interact with other children. Small group and large group activities also support children’s oral language by allowing them to interact with other children and teachers.

How will you support children’s written language development during adult-guided activities (small and large group) and child-guided activities (free choice/centers)?
I will support children’s written language development by asking warm up questions before beginning a book. Also I would support it by accepting invented spellings and non conventional sentences, offer positive reinforcement of children’s responses, Begin dialogue with infants before they are capable of language, Label important parts of illustrations for infants, and Encourage infants to model their responses from what the adult does.

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EDU 145 Pitt Community Colleg

  1. Describe in detail how children’s physical development progresses through the preschool years including the following information:
    • Explain the six factors that affect physical growth
    • Explain the importance of hood health care, physical fitness and mental health in proper child development
  2. How can you as an Early Childhood professional enhance children’s physical development through daily activities and free choice experiences?
    • Include ideas for both indoor and outdoor experiences

FIRST PERSON TO RESPOND TO:

by Mykaela KeelNumber of replies: 0

The height and weight are steadily changing for preschool years. There are 6 factors that affect these changes in the kids. Those 6 factors are heredity, nutrition, medical conditions, exercise, sleep, emotional well-being. Heredity is the strongest factor when it comes to growth, you would have to look at both parents and compare their structures to see if the child is taking after them. Children must have good eating habits to receive all the nutrients to grow. It doesn’t matter if the child eats junk all day or a lot at once, you will not see growth unless receiving the proper nutrients needed. Medical conditions also influence growth, if the child has food allergies or any stomach problem that is going to prohibit them from eating certain foods. Physical activity helps strengthen the bones and muscles in the preschool years. Some activities are too strenuous such as tumbling and that can have a negative effect on growth. Strenuous activity can cause problems with the child’s bones and halt growth. Sleep is when a very important growth hormone is released into the child’s body. It is very important for the child to get an adequate amount of sleep every night. Children who have a solid foundation at home seem to thrive in growth due to being emotionally well.

Children having a primary doctor for routine checkups is necessary for proper development. Doctors check the child’s height and weight and have a chart that they follow for percentile. A child shouldn’t go below the 5th percentile or above the 95th percentile. If the child reaches over the 95th percentile in weight they are considered obese, children below the 5th percentile is considered to indicate a possible illness. If a child is under the 5th percentile in height it indicates that the child isn’t receiving enough of the growth hormone that is released while sleeping. You can get a synthetic version of the hormone, but it is costly so promoting good sleep habits is necessary. Physical fitness in kids play a big factor in where they will hit on that percentile chart also. Kids should exercise and or play for at least 60 minutes a day at a time. Although outside time is considered physical activity, some of the kids that may be considered obese will not participate. So, you should plan at least 60 minutes of a mandatory physical activity they have to participate in. Mental health is also a factor in development, some kids don’t have a good home environment, so it is nice to come to a nice welcoming classroom setting. It is important to create stress free activities for the students because you don’t know what is going on inside their homes. It is also important to seek mental health consultations for students if they need them.

I as an early childhood professional can enhance the physical development of a child through giving them a safe environment. It is very important to pay close attention to your student’s behavior and body language. I want my kids to be able to come in my classroom and leave all their stress factors at the door. We as teachers don’t know what goes on in a child’s home therefore, we need to offer them the best experience while away, so they have something to look forward too.

For indoor activity to help promote development, I plan to have stations of different scenarios to promote role playing. These stations would include a kitchen, superheroes, leapfrog, and other physical activities. It is important for kids to have both indoor activities and outdoor activities. Outside time would be used for the running, climbing, and rough housing. It is important to have a good playground that promotes these things and that is handicap accessible. The big body play plays a big role in children play; it is in most kid’s nature to do these things. Not only does play time help physical development, but it also helps the children build friendships and helps with cognitive development. While the children play it is important to monitor them, so they don’t get too rough and hurt one another.

SECOND PERSON TO RESPOND TO:by Paige SaundersNumber of replies: 1

As children progress through preschool they will have growth spurts and develop in different ways- physically and mentally. The 6 factors that affect physical growth include heredity, nutrition, medical conditions, exercise, sleep and emotional well being. The parents genetics effects the child’s body structure and height and this is what effects growth the most. If a child indulges in too many unhealthy foods, this will get in the way of them enjoying or eating healthy foods and this may hold their growth pattern back. Also, if a child is not eating then they may not have the strength and energy they need to learn and take part in outside time, and if children are not playing at recess then they aren’t developing their muscles and bones properly. Bad eating or no eating has a domino effect.

ADHD medicines and certain medical issues may stall growth as well. Food allergies, heart- liver- or kidney problems, gastrointestinal issues, etc… are examples of this. Too much or too little exercise will impede growth so it is recommended to find a good medium. Same thing goes for sleep and sleep time may need to be adjusted as a child grows. Last, in order for growth to be supported, those around a child should be nurturing, loving, caring and supportive. Poverty can also effect a child’s growth.

Good health care, physical fitness, and mental health are all important aspects of healthy proper child development. Children and adults need a certain amount of exercise a day depending on age- but I know for sure that 60 minutes of good physical activity is good for everyone. It is important that children have a healthy mental state and if not that the parents seek therapy or a doctor who can help. Insurance for dental, mental, and physical health is recommended so there is no issues of payment or excuse when a child is facing issues and needs to be checked out. Having health insurance is important for everyone for that matter so you can get the best help possible.

When children go to these check up’s they are getting up to date shots and vaccinations, screenings and get blood and urine checked, eyes and ears checked. Doctors will even ask children to preform motor skills to make sure they’re developing fine as well as doing a physical examination. Children also get their height and weight checked to make sure it is of a normal range. If not, if a child is under or over weight then the doctor and parent can discuss what can make it more a normal range and try to solve the issue. If we didn’t take our children to the doctor then we would have a poor record of children’s growth, progress, and development and may be behind on what the child needs.

As an early childhood professional, I can enhance children’s physical development through daily activities and free choice experiences by choosing different activities and lessons. This will get them moving around and exercising. I would let them have free time outside of course for 30 minutes to an hour. I would also chose like thirty minutes a day to do a different physical activity per week to keep them active. I like to keep things fresh and a variety of activities so that children will not get bored doing the same thing every day- if possible.

Having different games hosted daily that do not require a ton of rules would be put in place maybe every other day. I would make sure the children have a well designed, safe and functional playground to use, including children with disabilities. During free time I would let the students run around, jump, play, catch, throw, strike, hop, stretch, skip and gallop, bend, sway, twist, march, jump rope, dance, ride tricycles and get their energy out. I would have different outdoor toys that ensure exercise and allow children to big body play also. Inside, I would let the students pretend or fantasy play or play superheroes. 

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