San Diego State University Et


Students will demonstrate their ability to comparatively address and analyze the differences between the

practices and policies adopted in response to a particular ethical issue by two competing entities within a

given industry. Students will exhibit knowledge of the impact and implications of both legal and ethical

restraints and concerns which govern and influence each of the chosen entity’s approach towards a chosen

issue. Students will establish their understanding of business ethics by articulating an argument for which

entity’s response is ethically superior.

-Select an ethics topic, which will serve as the framework for your essay.
• Examples include, but are not limited to: employee diversity issues; employee discrimination issues;

supply chain issues; environmental impact issues; CEO compensation / income inequality / pay-gap
issues; worker benefit policy issues; intellectual property theft; technology (AI, genetic engineering);
consumer rights & protection issues; corporate social responsibility policies; sustainability issues;
community interaction issues; etc.

-Choose two “competing” companies or organizations (i.e. entities) within the same industry.
-Identify and briefly introduce the primary applicable existing laws or regulations which govern or regulate
your selected issue.

  • If applicable, please mention any prior, material differences in regulation.-Compare and contrast the entities in relation to the topic.
  • For example, some questions you might examine: how does the entity communicate its approachtowards the issue? What actions does each entity take?
  • -Argue which entity’s approach or handling of your selected topic is ethically superior and why. Be specific in
    your reply. You may not merely identify the strengths and weaknesses of each entity’s response, but rather
    take an informed position as to which entity has the better approach / practice(s).
    -When discussing your chosen issue, please mention / identify the primary ethical values implicated by the

  • To illustrate: if the issue is genetic engineering and selection, some rights implicated include freedomof choice, fairness, and equality.

    – Microsoft Word Document ONLY; approx. 6 pages or 1,500 words; you will be required to use the
    following standard formatting: double-spaced, Times New Roman 12-pt font, 1 inch margins.
    -Must include descriptive title (0.5%).
    -Bibliography page is required, though not included in page count (must use APA/MLA, or alternative,
    comparable format).

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    San Diego State University Et

    1)Compliance with legal obligations and ethical obligations are not necessarily the same thing. What are the possible differences between those two competing goals? Is it easier to comply with the law or ethical obligations? Why?

    ***Use the GCU Library for sources ( )

    The DQ response must be at least 200 words and should have at least one reference in APA format

    2) Write a 100-word response to each student in first person as if you were writing it to the students. Talk about how you agree with their ideas and add your own thoughts. Make sure it’s respectful.

    Student 1: Both legal and ethical standards are there to help people, legal obligations are based on the government’s laws and ethical obligations are based on human principles of what is right and what is wrong. Something can be legal but not ethical. Although they are not necessarily the same thing, both legal and ethical obligations are rules and principles, they both allow authority to law breakers to keep people safe from others as well. An example of legal standard/ obligation would be driving around and seeing “No Parking” this would demonstrate a legal standard, which tells us what we legally can not do and to enforce rules. Ethical standards on the other hand would be if you see one parking space and another car approaches the legal standard would be to let the other car have it and not fight for it or give it to the person who was there first, now say if you got to the parking spot first but someone steals if from you, this would violate ethical standard but not legal, legal standards are written by government officials while ethical standards are ran by societal norms, it might be easier to uphold ethics which has a higher standard, According tot he article Why ethics and law are not the same thing, Ethics provides us with guides on what is the right thing to do in all aspects of life, while the law generally provides more specific rules so that societies and their institutions can be maintained. Ethics engages our thinking and also our feelings, including those of disgust and guilt. The law does not tell us what to do in relation to many of the dilemmas and decisions we have to make in life.


    Why ethics and law are not the same thing. INTHEBLACK. (2019, July 10).

    Student 2: To begin, legal obligation is “obligation is a civil law concept. An obligation can be created voluntarily, such as obligation arising from a contract, quasi-contract, unilateral promise. An obligation can also be created involuntarily, such as an obligation arising from torts or a statute” (Legal Information Institute).. When looking at this definition from a police officer’s perspective, this should include their department’s policies and procedures, as well as the local and state laws. This means that they can’t just conduct a search on a person’s home; the rights of every American must be protected. It also means that if a violation of the law has occurred they must do something about it; giving tickets for speeding for example.

    On the other hand, ethical obligations are more difficult to explain in a criminal justice system. Banks describes it as “more demanding” than a legal obligation because there is so much room for error and differences between personal values and morals (300). An example given by Banks is that according to some philosophers, a plea deal is morally incorrect.

    According to Christoffel Visser’s piece, “Rothenberg argues that very difficult ethical issues in legal practice arise due to the tensions inherent in legal practitioners’ competing responsibilities towards their clients, the legal system and the quality of justice. Tertiary legal training, it is argued here, should empower students with foundational standards and skills beyond codes of conduct to assist them in exploring these issues in terms of what is right and wrong, instead of what is acceptable to win a case” He also states that “To assist lawyers in avoiding ethical pitfalls and ambiguity in deciding on what is right and wrong, the legal profession has developed a system of professional codes and rules of conduct by which its members must abide. But while these codes and rules of conduct establish wide parameters of acceptable and unacceptable conduct, they do not inform on fit and proper character and moral formation.”

    Overall, I personally believe that it would be easier to comply with legal obligations over ethics. The law is more set and to a standard than an individual’s ethics are which makes it easier to solve the issue. The law protects both parties and is there to give justice where it is due. However the Lawyer’s Dilemma would seem to be difficult when deciding how you are going to go about a case.

    Legal Information Institute: Obligation. (n.d.). Retrieved June 19, 2021, from

    Van Zyl IV, C. H., & Visser, J.-M. (2016). Legal Ethics, Rules of Conduct and the Moral

    Compass — Considerations from a Law Student’s Perspective. Potchefstroom

    Electronic Law Journal, 19(1), 1–18.

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    San Diego State University Et

    Case Analysis: Note this assignment has a twofold purpose: (1) To provide an opportunity for students to analyze a case based and (2) to collaborate with colleagues (classmates) about a recommendation of what to do. Also this assignment has two parts, each of which is a group project. In the first, each group will recored themselves presenting their case via powerpoint or google slides and upload the recording in the assignment link. The second part is a group written paper about your case. Please see below for specific directions.

    You have been assigned to a team which will write a case analysis based on a legal dilemma following the ethical/legal decision making process as discussed in class lectures and the textbook. Some teams will present in week 3 and others in week 4. Your professor will assign your week.

    Note: the uplink for this assignment is found in Week 4: make sure all names of group members are recorded on the assignment’s cover page.

    In keeping with acceptable professional standards you are encouraged to consult with student colleagues, practicing professionals, attorneys or any written materials in the development of the analysis and recommendation.

    Use the following guidelines to write your 4-6 page analysis ensuring all five points are addressed.

    Be sure you reference relevant professional resources you have utilized to prepare your case along with any other information pertinent to your case.

    The Five Areas to be discussed are listed below:

    1. Description of the Situation: brief overview of the case
    2. Dilemma/Competing Issues (Identify the problem/dilemma): The dilemma/competing issues could be a function of ethics vs. laws, ethics vs. institutional policies, or ethics vs. a community norm; but most likely the tension will occur around the underlying moral principles of Autonomy, Non-malfeasance, Beneficence, Justice, or Fidelity. Include professional/community standards of practice as well as specific legal or ethical standards. Site the legal and/or ethical references in the appropriate ethical or state statutes.
    3. Personal Values/Morals: Evaluate the rights, responsibilities, and welfare of all those affected by the situation.
    4. Generate potential courses of actions and their consequences: Describe the limitations associated with each.
    5. Recommended Course of action: state your recommend course of action. Define how your recommendation(s) is in the best interest of the student and satisfies the legal/ethical dilemma.

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    1) Ethical codes guide the behavior of attorneys, police officers, and judges. Attorneys, police officers, and judges are expected to operate under the letter of the law without expressing bias or personal views during work hours. On off hours, those rules are often not as clear, yet we, as the public, still demand higher ethical standards of off-duty criminal justice personnel. Should off-duty members of the legal arena be held to a higher standard? If they are found to be in violation of those standards off duty, should they be punished to a lesser extent? Where does duty end and personal lives begin?

    ***Use the GCU Library for sources ( )

    The DQ response must be at least 200 words and should have at least one reference in APA format

    2) Write a 100-word response to the student in first person as if you were writing it to the students. Talk about how you agree with their ideas and add your own thoughts. Make sure it’s respectful.

    Student response: Personal lives begins from the moment the individual finishes his/her work hours and goes to their home environment to rest off their daily busy routine. The duty of one’s profession ends exactly where personal lives begins, because once the variables are mixed, then the ability to make rational decisions starts to be wrongfully influenced in the decision-making process to solve conflict matter situations. Therefore, off duty cops personnel should be held to a higher standard because it must be part of the nature of their profession to distinguish what’s right from wrong, given the fact that they guard the city do not mean they can extrapolate boundaries. Banks, (2020), says the fact that some argue that because standards of conduct and ways of doing things differ from society to society and there can never be one single standard for all people everywhere given that we must make ethical decisions based on each situation.

    As people acquire more knowledge, ethics has developed when individuals started to reflect on the intentions and consequences of their acts. Another major difference in the approach to ethical problems revolves around the question of absolute good as opposed to relative good (Columbia Encyclopedia, 2018). Morality in the end poses a question as to what extent should legal professionals be subjective to the idea of being morally good which is directly apprehended through intuition, where also the desires of the individual postulates an immediate awareness of the morally good.

    Accordingly with the Executive Order 12731, provides that “Public Service is a public trust, requiring employees to place loyalty to the Constitution, employees may be disciplined for off duty conduct if there is a nexus between the offending conduct and the employee’s job-related responsibilities such that the proposed discipline would promote the efficiency of the service. Therefore, higher-level employees and those entrusted with sensitive responsibilities, including attorneys and law enforcement officers, are subject to closer scrutiny and greater potential discipline for off-duty misconduct reflecting on honesty and integrity than those employees with less responsibilities, (U.S.D.O.J, 2016).


    Banks, C. (2020). Criminal justice ethics (5th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishing. ISBN-13: 9781544353593

    Ethics. (2018). In P. Lagasse, & Columbia University, The Columbia encyclopedia (8th ed.). Columbia University Press. Credo Reference:…

    Lofthus, L. (January 29, 2016). Memorandum for all Department Employees. U.S Department of Justice. Retrieved from:

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