Saudi Electronic University S

Instructions – PLEASE READ THEM CAREFULLY

  • The Assignment must be submitted on Blackboard (WORD format only) via allocated folder.
  • Assignments submitted through email will not be accepted.
  • Students are advised to make their work clear and well presented, marks may be reduced for poor presentation. This includes filling your information on the cover page.
  • Students must mention question number clearly in their answer.
  • Late submission will NOT be accepted.
  • Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from students or other resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks. No exceptions.
  • All answered must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism).
  • Submissions without this cover page will NOT be accepted.

Logistics Management

ASSIGNMENT -2

Submission Date by students: Before the end of Week- 11th

Place of Submission: Students Grade Centre

Weight: 05 Marks

Learning Outcome:

  • Recognize how global competitive environments are changing supply chain management and
  • Interpret the use advanced theory and methods to identify inefficiencies in supply chains

Logistics practice.

Assignment Workload:

This assignment is an individual assignment.

Critical Thinking

The purpose of this assignment is to identify and apply Logistics and Supply Chain Management concepts/tools to suggest logistics performance priorities. To this purpose, you should review about available literature through secondary available information. Think about how you can apply the concepts/tools that you learned in this course.

Logistics outsourcing has attracted the attention of lots of Supply chain industrialist in recent years. As firms enlarge their global reach, they often find that they need to reconsider their internal capabilities in managing the global supply chain. In many cases firms decide to outsource this function in whole or in part to agents or outsourcing firms (Trent & Roberts, 2009).

Using this concept of outsourcing you should answer the following questions by taking any Saudi company or any Multinational company of your choice.

Question:

1. Discuss, how outsourcing firms function for smooth flow of SCM? (1.5 Marks)

2. Evaluate, the reasons for using outsourcing logistics service in Saudi Arabia/any company of your choice. Using some good examples. (1.5 Marks)

3. Reasons why outsourcing logistics arrangement are not always successful? (1.5 Marks)

4. References (0.5 Marks)

The Answer must follow the outline points below:

  • Each answer should be 400 to 500 range of word counts.
  • Outsourcing Companies
  • Their Main functions
  • Any local example
  • Reasons with suitable Examples
  • Reference

Note: You can Support your answer by reading chapter 4 of your book.

You can use secondary source available on internet.

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Q1 What factors does a financial manager need to consider when determining a suitable level of working capital for a corporation? Explain why you consider your chosen factors are important.

Why is the hedging principle important for helping firms based in KSA to manage their liquidity? How is this related to Saudi Vision 2030?

Search the SEU library or the Internet for an academic or industry-related article. Select an article that relates to these concepts and explain how it relates to doing business in Saudi Arabia.

For your discussion post, your first step is to summarize the article in two paragraphs, describing what you think are the most important points made by the authors (remember to use citations where appropriate). For the second step, include the reference listing with a hyperlink to the article. Do not copy the article into your post and limit your summary to two paragraphs. Let your instructor know if you have any questions and enjoy your search.

Q2. The Saudi Vision 2030 is a plan to diversify the economy and develop sectors such as education, infrastructure, and tourism. The government desires the encouragement of private investment in a number of sectors of the Saudi economy and emphasizes economic and investment activities and increasing non-oil industry trade between countries. 

What role do you consider foreign investors play in achieving this vision this and how should they deal with the exchange rate risks associated with investing in the Saudi economy?

Search the SEU library or the Internet for an academic or industry-related article. Select an article that relates to these concepts and explain how it relates to doing business in Saudi Arabia.

For your discussion post, your first step is to summarize the article in two paragraphs, describing what you think are the most important points made by the authors (remember to use citations where appropriate). For the second step, include the reference listing with a hyperlink to the article. Do not copy the article into your post and limit your summary to two paragraphs. Let your instructor know if you have any questions and enjoy your search.

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Show all works for calculation, final result will not be accepted without showing how you reach to it.

 

Q1.  

Consider an example of the Saudi clothing market; if the supply and demand represented as:

Qs = – 200 + 4p ; Qd = 800 – p 

Solve:

a) Equilibrium price and equilibrium quantity and calculate total revenue?

b) If there were a price celling equal to 250 SAR per each cloth imposed, calculate the price elasticity of demand? Does this consider elastic, inelastic or unit elastic?  Also, calculate the total revenue? 

c) Now consider the shoes market; if the supply and demand is:

i. Qs = -100 + 3p ; Qd = 800 – 6p, calculate the equilibrium price and equilibrium quantity.  Also, calculate Total Revenue.

ii. If there were a price celling of 120 SAR imposed per each pair of shoes, calculate the price elasticity of demand? Does the shoes consider elastic, inelastic or inelastic or unit elastic? Also calculate total revenue.  Hint; plug the new price on the demand curve formula, then find the new quantity demand after change in prices, after that solve for the elasticity by comparing the percentage changes in P & Qd

d) Compare the total revenue for the clothing market and the total revenue you found on the clothing market.  Which one of product’s total revenue has been increased after the price have been increase and why?

e) Recall part a (the cloth market) Calculate the CS & PS. Hint; you need to set Qs=0 & Qd=0  thensolve for P to find the intercept and calculate the CS, PS. Where the CS is the area between the intercept for demand and the equilibrium price you found on part a.  Do not forget that this area is a triangle so carefully calculate the area.  The same thing for PS.

f) Now, if the government impose sales tax equal to 12.5% on cloth, what is the CS, PS, government revenue, DWL and show this on the graph? Hint; price paid by the buyer equal 220 SAR and price received by seller equal 195 SAR, the difference is the tax per cloth.  The intercept points for the supply and demand on this part are the same as the ones on part e. To find the quantity, plug either the price for the buyer on the demand curve formula or the price for the seller on supply curve formula.  Also, remember CS, PS & DWL have triangle area, whereas tax revenue has rectangular area.  Graph this manually so you can easily find the answer. 

g) Without calculation, would you expect to have higher/ lower government revenue and DWL on shoes and why?

Q2.  

Assume that Saudi Arabia produce only two products; Coffee bean and plastic where are the price and quantity produced are:

Year 

Coffee bean

Plastic

2018 (base year)

P= 10 SAR

Q= 1,000

P= 5 SAR

Q= 2,000

2019

P= 10 SAR

Q= 1,100

P= 5 SAR

Q= 2,100

2020

P= 12 SAR

Q= 900

P= 6 SAR

Q= 1,900

Calculate GDP deflator for the years 2018, 2019 and 2020.  Also, calculate the Nominal and real GDP growth on 2019 & 2020, compare between them by explaining why they are different.  Calculate the 2019 & 2020 inflation rates.

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With this discussion and all others after it, please first be mindful of plagiarism – if you pull anything from the textbook or any outside source in your response you MUST put it in quotes, and include (in parentheses) the location on the web or book/article you got it from. I do check, and if something is found to be plagiarized, it is full loss of points on the assignment, with any subsequent plagiarism or academic dishonesty resulting in an F in the course. Also, with all of the course discussions, I am looking for you to give your opinion, and critically think about the topic. Give examples to back up what you are saying (these can be from the text and research that you feel explains things, or even personal experience). Do not just rehash definitions. Until you post your first reply, you will not see what others have posted.

Discussion #5 Topic:

First, watch this video:

You can Grow Brain Cells (11:04 Mins)

and then this video:

Obedience to Authority (12:46 Mins)

and then this video:

The Stanford Prison Experiement (13:40 Mins)

Then, please answer the following questions:

  1. If some of the simple things outlined in the first video can impact neuron growth, do you feel making this information more widespread could help people embrace these behaviors more than we currently do as a society (or do you feel that there is enough other health evidence already that this information would not drastically change behavior)? Why or why not? How “important” does the information in this video feel to you? Use evidence from the textbook and/or other references to support your views.

Then, please answer the following questions:

  1. The Milgram Obedience Studies and the Stanford Prison Experiment (videos 2 and 3) been criticized by some for being unethical, despite being some of the most famous experiments in psychology. Some people feel that some of these studies should not be included in textbooks or classes because of their ethical transgressions (or, have a greater amount of time dedicated to where questionable ethics/study design was utilized). Conversely, other people believe valuable data regarding obedience and how roles and role schemas impact us were acquired from these studies and should absolutely included in psychology classes. In your opinion, do you think we should continue to learn about and reference these studies? Does the benefit (knowledge) outweigh the harm that may have been done to the participants? Why or why not? Use evidence from the textbook and/or other references to support your views.
  2. What did you find most surprising about the results seen in videos 2 and 2? Explain why what you saw was surprising (be specific).

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Imagine you started a new business as an entrepreneur in Saudi Arabia.

Please, think and share information on the following items:

1. Owners, capital structure and company profile

a. Your Business Name, Address, E‐Mail

b. Form of ownership: What is the legal structure? Sole proprietor, Partnership, Corporation…..

C. Investment capital

2. Company Business Description (300 – 400 words)

A. Scope and type of business

What business will you be in? What will you do? What market segment will you choose?

  • Business idea: what is your big idea? Is it a product or a service? What makes your idea different?
  • Mission Statement
  • Company’s short-term and long-term goals and objectives.
  • Target market and demographics: Who will your customers be? Where do they live? What is your target market passionate about?
  • B. Business Philosophy

    What is important to you in your business?

  • Describe your Industry: Is it a growth industry? What long term or short-term changes do you foresee in the industry? How will your company take advantage of it?
  • Describe your most important company strengths and core competencies: What factors will make the company succeed? What do you think your major competitive strengths will be? What background experience, skills, and strengths do you personally bring to this new venture?
  • Risk Assessment: Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of your business using SWOT.
  • Scale of the business and its growth anticipation: what is the growth rate per year for five years? What do your 5-year financials look like? What is your path to profitability?
  • Who is your competition and how do you beat them?
  • Start-up costs: what costs do you expect to make the business run for the next five years?
  • 3. Products and Services

    a. Describe in detail your products or services (Technical specifications).

    b. Size of business: how many employees? How many offices and retail facilities?

    c. What factors will give you competitive advantages or disadvantages? Examples, include level of quality or unique or proprietary features.

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    The Saudi Arabia Vision 2030 stated SMEs (Small-Medium Size Enterprises) struggles to access adequate funding from the financial institutions. Offer two recommendations specific to how this struggle should be effectively addressed and be in alignment with Saudi Vision 2030.These post replies need to be substantial and constructive in nature. They should add to the content of the post and evaluate/analyze that post answer. Normal course dialogue doesn’t fulfill these two peer replies but is expected throughout the course. Answering all course questions is also required.

    —–This week’s Discussion Question asks you to discuss the important questions financial managers should ask:

    • What level of assets are needed to operate?
    • How to finance those assets or raise capital? (The firm can use equity or debt financing or combination of both.)

    Select a publicly traded company (make sure your selected company is different from your classmates’) based in the KSA and look (in terms of percentage) at how it finances its operations using equity or debt financing.

    You are required to reply to at least two peer discussion question post answers to this weekly discussion question and/or your instructor’s response to your posting. These post replies need to be substantial and constructive in nature. They should add to the content of the post and evaluate/analyze that post’s answer. Normal course dialogue doesn’t fulfill these two peer replies but is expected throughout the course. Answering all course questions is also required.

    There is also a Live Session this week.

    Finance Principles for this module

    • Principle 3: Risk Requires a Reward—We don’t take additional risk unless we are compensated with additional return.
    • Principle 5: Conflicts of Interest Cause Agency Problems—Conflicts of interest between owners and managers can create challenges for optimal efficiency and value creation in organizations.

    Learning Outcomes

    1. Identify business and financial risk and their measurement.
    2. Discuss the relationship between operating, financial, and combined leverage.
    3. Recognize the concept of an optimal capital structure.
    4. Calculate break-even points.
    5. Use the basic tools of capital structure management.

    Readings

    Required:

    Chapter 12 in Foundations of Finance – Determining the Financing Mix

    Hamrouni, A., Boussaada, R., & Toumi, N. B. (2019). Corporate social responsibility disclosure and debt financing. Journal of Applied Accounting Research, 20(4), 394-415. https://doi.org/10.1108/JAAR-01-2018-0020

    Li, Z., Li, Q., & Zeng, Y. (2020). Contraction flexibility, operating leverage, and financial leverage. Journal of Management Science and Engineering. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmse.2020.02.002

    Recommended:

    Chapter 12 PowerPoint slides انقر لعرض المزيد من الخيارات SEU_FIN500_PPT_Mod07_Ch12.pptx – التنسيقات البديلة in Foundations of Finance – Determining the Financing Mix

    Yan, C., & Huang, K. X. D. (2020). Financial cycle and business cycle: An empirical analysis based on the data from the U.S. Economic Modelling. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econmod.2020.01.018

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    Saudi Electronic University S

    The Assignment must be submitted on Blackboard (WORD format only) via allocated folder.

    Assignments submitted through email will not be accepted.

    Students are advised to make their work clear and well presented, marks may be reduced for poor presentation. This includes filling your information on the cover page.

    Students must mention question number clearly in their answer.

    Late submission will NOT be accepted.

    Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from students or other resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks. No exceptions.

    All answered must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism).

    Submissions without this cover page will NOT be accepted.

    Course Learning Outcomes-Covered

    Aligned

    PLOs

    Course Learning Outcomes (CLOs)

    MGT.P.2.2

    Justify their rationale for decisions related to acceptable and unacceptable business conduct based on the business ethics principles.

    MGT.M.3.2

    The capacity to write coherent project about a case study or an actual research about ethics

    Critical ThinkingCASES FROM THE REAL WORLD

    Samsung in the fall of 2016, Samsung Electronics experienced a massive public relations disaster when its Galaxy Note 7 smartphones started exploding due to faulty batteries and casings. Initially, the company denied there were any technical problems. Then, when it became obvious the exploding phones posed a safety and health threat (they were banned from airplanes), Samsung accused its suppliers of creating the problem. In reality, the rush to beat Apple’s iPhone 7 release date was the most likely reason corners were cut in production. Samsung finally owned up to the problem, recalled more than two million phones worldwide, and replaced them with new, improved Galaxy Note 7s. The company’s response and its replacement of the phones went a long way toward defusing the disaster and even boosting the company’s share price. Whether management knew it, its response was Kantian. Samsung focused on the end (i.e., customer safety and satisfaction) with the motive of doing the ethically responsible thing. Although some might argue the company could have done far more and much more quickly, perhaps it still acted in accordance with the categorical imperative. What do you think?

    Critical Thinking Questions:

    Read the above case and answer the following Questions:

    1. How might the categorical imperative become a part of organizational culture? (Not less than 600 words)

    2. Could it ever work in business? Do you see the categorical imperative as applicable to your own interests and hope for a career? (Not less than 600 words)

    Answers:

    1.

    2.

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    Assignment Question(s):                                                                         [100 marks]

    Q1. Discus how static budget failed to analyze cost and revenues variances and how flexible budget has overcame static budgets’ deficiencies and explain how does the flexible budget actually work?

                                                                                                                                                [15 marks]

    Note: do not copy and paste from other sources, you can use other sources but formulate your own answers.

    Q2. Hamed Company is preparing budgets for the quarter ending June 30, 2019.

    Budgeted sales in units for the next five months are:

    April   

    May     

     June      

    July

    20,000

    50,000

    30,000

    25,000

    Required:

    a.Prepare Sales budget for April, May & June assuming selling price per unit is SR 15.

                                                                                                                                      [10 marks]

    b.Prepare production budget for April, May & June if the company wishes ending inventory as

    10 % of next month sales units.                                                                                       [10 marks]                                               

    Q3.Oraby Industries is a division of a major corporation. Last year the division had total sales of SAR 23,380,000, operating income of SAR 2,828,980, and invested assets of SAR 10,000,000.

    Required:

    a. What is the division’s profit margin?                                                                               [5 marks]

    b. What is the division’s investment turnover?                                                                    [5 marks]

    c. What is the division’s return on investment (ROI) using DuPont formula?                    [5 marks]

    d. What is the residual income if investors require a minimum return of  20%?                [5 marks]

    Q4. Taha Company produces joint three products: Product A, Product B, and Product C. 

              During the year, joint costs of processing the three products were SAR400, 000.  The following information were given to you as follows:

    Product

    Units

    Produced

    Selling price per unit  at split-off point(SR)

    Expenses per  unit after split-off point ( (SR)

    Selling price per unit  after split-off point(SR)

    A

    400,000

    20

    20

    40

    B

    400,000

    18

    15

    28

    C

    800,000

    12

    14

    17

    Required:

    a.   Allocate the joint costs using the physical output method.                                 [15 marks]

    b.   Allocate the joint costs using the net realizable value method.                          [15 marks]

    c.   Allocate the joint costs using sales value at split-off point method.                   [15 marks]

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