Walden University Criminal Ju

The first juvenile court in the United States was established in Illinois in 1899. The purpose of its development was to establish an atmosphere of rehabilitation rather than punishment as was seen in the criminal court system. In the past quarter century, a greater number of violent crimes have been committed by those under the age of 18. Society’s reaction has been to remove such youth from the rehabilitative arm of the juvenile courts and try many of these individuals in the adult criminal system. This has prompted a significant amount of research in the area of adolescent development, juvenile justice, and the practice of forensic psychology with juvenile offenders.

The MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Adolescent Development and Juvenile Justice was founded to provide research on various questions related to juvenile crime and justice. To date, the Foundation has provided, for public review, much empirical data on the differences among juveniles of various ages and their relationship to adult criminals. This important research has covered topics from juvenile competency to stand trial to juvenile psychopathy. The research helps to improve understanding of the unique characteristics of juvenile offenders, in order to best address public safety concerns and provide the best treatment for these individuals.

This week’s Application Assignment is constructed partially to help you become more familiar with a specific area of concern within juvenile forensic psychology.

To prepare for this assignment:

  • Review the selected pages of Chapter 13 in Introduction to Forensic Psychology. Consider the rights and protections afforded to juvenile offenders, and the problems that might exist within the juvenile court system.
  • Review Chapter 7 in Introduction to Forensic Psychology. Reflect on the developmental elements of juvenile aggression.
  • Review the Macarthur Foundation’s Report on Adolescent Development and Juvenile Justice. Focus on the three research areas of competence, culpability, and adolescent potential for change, and the issues related to the treatment of juvenile offenders.
  • Think about what concerns emerge in the evaluation and assessment of juvenile offenders.
  • Select a contemporary area of concern within juvenile forensic psychology that you believe to be important to address and consider why this is a concern and how it might be addressed.
  • Explore the research addressing this contemporary issue of concern. (Note: You may find the information in this week’s optional reading section helpful in your search for a topic and information about area of concern.)

The assignment  

  • Explain the contemporary area of concern within juvenile forensic psychology that you selected.
  • Explain why you believe this is an important area of concern to be addressed.
  • Explain how this area of concern might be addressed.
  • Be sure to be specific and use examples.

 

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Walden University Criminal ju

In a room inside the police station, two interrogators question a suspect who is seated in close proximity. After a period of time, the interrogators leave the suspect alone in the room, which is empty except for three chairs and a table. When they leave, the room is completely silent except for the whir of the heating system. The suspect puts his head in his hands. He has been in custody 4 hours now.

Room setup, time of day, length of interrogation, and psychological techniques such as empathy, minimization, and intimidation have long been used in interrogations. The reasoning is that such techniques may compel the suspect to reveal information that assists the investigation.

In this Assignment, you examine different characteristics and strategies used in interrogations, their effects, and the legal concerns associated with them.

By Day 7

Using this week’s Learning Resources, review the following five characteristics of an interrogation:

  • Psychological advantage
  • Time frame
  • Room setup
  • Pressure
  • Challenging assumptions or using intimidation to keep the suspect off-balance

In 500 to 750 words, respond to the following:

For each of the five characteristics of an interrogation listed above, explain:

  • how each benefits the interrogator,
  • the intended and unintended effects on the suspect, and
  • how each may be affected by legal requirements.

Required Readings

Brandl, S. (2018). Criminal investigation (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

  • Chapter 6, “Interviews and Eyewitness Identifications” (pp. 142–177)

Criminal Investigation, 4th Edition by Brandl, S. Copyright 2018 by Sage Publications, Inc. Reprinted by permission of Sage Publications, Inc. via the Copyright Clearance Center.

Brandl, S. (2018). Criminal investigation (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

  • Chapter 7, “Interrogations and Confessions” (pp. 178–211)

Criminal Investigation, 4th Edition by Brandl, S. Copyright 2018 by Sage Publications, Inc. Reprinted by permission of Sage Publications, Inc. via the Copyright Clearance Center.

Legal Information Institute. (n.d.). 18 U.S. Code § 3501. Admissibility of confessions. Retrieved March 30, 2019, from https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/18/3501

Taylor, B. (2015). You have the right to be confused! Understanding Miranda after 50 years. Pace Law Review, 36(1), 158–214.

Cicchini, M. D. (2012). The new Miranda warning. SMU Law Review, 65(4), 911–941.

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